英文演說好頭痛?演說技巧大公開,學會這幾句秒變母語人士

英文演說好頭痛?演說技巧大公開,學會這幾句秒變母語人士

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「英文」,是你的致命弱點嗎?擁有好的英文能力,在職場上可是無往不利,如果能講一口流利的英文更是加分。使用英文做簡報或是做演講,都有可能是工作的一部分,如何開始準備英文演講呢?首先從了解演講基本架構開始,再套用一些好用句型(詳見文章)在內容間做連接,最後做精闢的結論畫龍點睛。以下文章整理了演講常用單字和句型,如果想完成一場好的英文演說千萬不要錯過!


使用英文做簡報或是演講,是每個人在校園或是工作場合中可能會遇到的課題。表現得好,對職場甚至有非常好的加分效果,但是在開始準備你的英文演講之前,有那些地方是需要注意的呢?

  

一、1分鐘單字速速記 Vocabulary

  • more or less (phrs.)或多或少
  • right off the bat (phrs.) 馬上開始
  • the bulk of something (phrs.)大部分來說
  • rhetorical question(adj.) 為了讓你思考的問題;反問句
  • recap (v.)回顧
  • empowering (adj.)給予權力
  • invigorating (adj.) 鼓舞人心的
  • advocate (n.)支持者
  • lecture hall (n.)演講廳
  • stage fright (n.) 怯場
  • rehearse (v.)排練
  • excel (v.)擅長

  

二、演講的基本結構與常用句型 Structures of a Speech and Useful Phrases

The basic structure of a speech is more or less like the structure of a written essay, divided into 3 main parts: introduction, body, and conclusion. However, when conveying something verbally instead of through written words, you’ll need to be more aware of your tone, body language, and word choices to really capture and hold on to your audience’s attention.

演講的基本結構

演講的基本結構或多或少跟寫論文的結構一樣,分成三個部分:引言,正文和結論。但是,當你用說的而不是書面方式傳達某些內容時,你需要更加了解自己的語氣,肢體語言和用字遣詞,才能真正吸引並引起聽眾的注意。

Introduction 介紹

Right off the bat, you will need to clarify the significance of your speech and why you need their attention. Why should the audience listen to your speech and what will your main points be? This is where you need to make an impact strong enough to make your audience want to stay and listen.

首先,你需要表明清楚這場演講的意義以及為何需要觀眾們的注意力。觀眾為什麼要聽你的演講,你的重點是什麼?這就是該發揮你的影響力的時候,來讓你的聽眾想留下來聽。

Useful Phrases 好用的句型

“On behalf of [company name], I would like to welcome you here today to talk about [speech topic].”

今天,我謹代表〔公司名稱〕歡迎各位一起來討論〔演講主題〕。

Good morning/afternoon/evening, ladies and gentlemen. My name is [name] and I am honored to be here to talk to you about [topic].

女士,先生們,早上/下午/晚上好。我叫〔名字〕,很榮幸能在這裡與你討論〔主題〕。

The goal today is to [purpose of the speech] and my presentation is divided into [number of speech parts] parts.

今天的目標是〔演講的目的〕,我的演講將分為〔數字〕部分。

By the end of the speech, you’ll know how to…

在演講結束時,你會知道該如何…

I’ll leave some time for Q&A at the end of my presentation. Feel free to let me know if you have any questions, I’ll gladly answer them.

在演講結束時,我將保留一些問答時間。如果你有任何疑問,請隨時讓我知道,我會很開心地回答。

Body Content 主要內容

This part should take up the bulk of your speech. Your main points, ideas, and supporting evidence and additional information should be presented here to help back up your main goal of the speech.

這部分應佔據你演講的主體。包括你的重點,想法,佐證資料等等都應在這時呈現,完成演講的主要目標。

Useful Phrases好用的句型

Let’s start with some general/background information on…

讓我們從關於…的一些常見/背景資料開始。

Before we begin, does anyone know…

在我們開始之前,有誰知道…

Now that we’re clear on…I would like to bring your attention to the next point.

現在我們很清楚…了,我想請你跟著我進行到下一個重點。

As you can see from this chart/survey/research/data, we can understand how… Here are a few examples of…

正如你從此圖表/調查/研究/數據中所看到的,我們可以理解…這邊有一些範例…

Let’s go back to something I mentioned earlier and let me elaborate on…

回到我們剛剛提到的內容,讓我來闡述一下…

Rhetorical Questions 為了讓你思考的問題(反問句)

While speeches and presentations are one-way for the most part, inserting a few rhetorical questions can be extremely powerful when you want to prove or emphasize a point. It allows the audience to think instead of just listen.

雖然講座和演講大部分是單向的,但如果你想證明或強調一個觀點,適時拋出一些問題,可以讓聽眾多思考而不單單只是聆聽而已。

好用的句型

What did we learn from this survey/example?

我們從這次調查/例子中學到了什麼呢?

What would you do if…?

如果…你該怎麼做呢?

How should we have dealt with this?

我們那時應該如何處理呢?

What are the effects of this?

這會有什麼影響呢?

How did this happen?

這件事是怎麼發生的?

Conclusion 結論

The conclusion is where you should summarize the main points of your speech and recap on what you’d like to emphasize. This is the last part of your speech, it’s also probably the part that will leave the strongest impression on your audience. Choose your words wisely.

結論是你應該歸納演講的重點,並回顧一下你想強調的內容。這是演講的尾聲,也是會給觀眾留下最深刻印象的部分。花點心思在你的用字遣詞吧。

Useful Phrases 好用的句型

If there’s one thing I’d like you to remember, it’s…

如果有什麼是我希望你認真記住的,那一定會是…

In conclusion, I’d like to sum up the main points…

總歸來說,我想列出幾個重點…

After weighing the pros and cons, I’ve come to the conclusion that….

在衡量優勢跟劣勢後,我已歸納出這個結論…

So, in the end, we analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of…

所以,在最後這個部分,我們分析了…的優點跟缺點…

I’d like to wrap things up by going over and summarizing the key points.

我想要歸納這些關鍵點來做個總結。

Ending Your Presentation and Thanking Your Audience 結束演講並感謝觀眾

It’s important to always thank your audience for their time. This will ensure that you end things on a polite and good note.

務必感謝觀眾所付出的時間。這樣可以確保你以一個禮貌而有條理的方式來結束。

Useful Phrases 好用的句型

This concludes my talk/speech/presentation for today and I’m more than happy to hear your comments and answer any questions.

至此,我今天的談話/講座/演說告一個段落了,我會很開心能聽到你的意見並且回答任何問題。

I hope you’re all a little clearer on [topic]. Thank you all for joining me here today and showing your interest in [topic].

我希望各位都對〔主題〕有了更清楚一點的認識。感謝你們今天都能夠出席並且對〔主題〕感興趣。

I’d like to conclude by…

我想要用…來做個結語。

It was such a pleasure being able to talk to you all about [topic] today, thank you all for listening. Let’s begin the Q&A now.

今天很開心可以跟各位一起討論〔主題〕,感謝各位的聆聽,我們現在開始問答的階段吧。

Thank you all so much for coming here today. I hope I’ve shone some lights on the [topic]. Are there any questions?

感謝你們今天的蒞臨,我希望我有在〔主題〕的部分給各位帶來一些啟發。有任何問題嗎?

 

三、演講小技巧 Public Speaking Tips

Asides from knowing what you want to say and the order of things, a successful speech is more than reading words off pieces of paper. Public speaking can be a frightening thing, but once you get the hang of it, it can be empowering and boost your self-confidence. Here are some tips to make your public speaking experience even more invigorating.

除了釐清你想表達的主題的先後順序,成功的演講更不只是照本宣科。公眾演說可能是一件令人恐懼的事情,但是一旦掌握了技巧,你就會變更堅強並增加你的自信。這裡有一些技巧可以使你的公開演講體驗更加充實。

1.Who will you be speaking to? 演講的對象是誰?

Know your audience. Why are they there? Are they mostly professionals, advocates, or students and people who need to be there? Knowing the type of people you’ll be speaking to can help you set your tone, how formal or laid back you should be, and can help you get mentally prepared.

了解你的聽眾。他們為什麼在那裡?他們主要是專業人士,粉絲,學生還是被逼著出席的人?得知你要與之交談的人的類型,可以幫助你調整語氣,來選擇是要用一個正式或還是悠哉的方式,進一步做好心理準備。

2.Look into their eyes. 與他們的眼睛對視

Whether it’s a small group of 10 or a filled lecture hall, making direct eye contact will allow you to connect to your audience on a more personal level.

不論是十個人的小團體還是塞滿人的演講廳,視線交流會幫助你拉近與觀眾的距離。

3.Where will it take place? 會在哪舉辦呢?

It might be a good idea to be more familiar with the venue that you will be speaking at. If possible, try standing in the exact spot where you’ll be presenting and imagine yourself speaking with the crowd there. Walk around and take in the overall feel and vibe of the environment. This should calm you down and help reduce that stage fright.

去演講場地熟悉一下是不錯的選擇。可能的話,請嘗試站在你要演講的確切位置,並想像自己與觀眾交談。到處走走,感受環境的整體感覺和氛圍。這樣可以讓你平靜下來,並有助於減輕舞台恐懼感。

4.Rehearse with body language, movement, and distractions. 練習時使用一些身體語言,動作以及一些分散注意力的東西。

I don’t think you need me to remind you how important it is to rehearse your presentation before the big day. It’ll also do you a lot of good to practice with some body language that’ll help you emphasize your points and some movements to keep the audience interested. Try adding distractions (turn on the TV, or practice outdoors) to help you get ready for anything that might come up during your presentation.

我想我應該不用提醒你「練習演講」這件事到底有多重要。使用一些身體語言跟動作來強調你的重點,也可以讓你的觀眾保持興趣。試著增加一些會分散注意力的事情(像是開電視,或在戶外練習)來幫助你準備在演說時可能突然發生的任何事情。

5.Jump at any opportunity to speak. 利用任何機會講話

If you are given any chances at speaking in front of a group of people, take it. This will not only allow you more practice before the big day, you’ll also be able to find a style that works better for you.

如果你有任何機會跟群眾講話,抓住它。這不只可以讓你為了那一天的到來而多做練習,還可以利用它找到更適合你的演說方式。

Alright, guys. We know that public speaking is not for everyone (stupid stage fright), but it is definitely something that can help us excel professionally if we are able to do it right. What are some of your public speaking experiences? Feel free to share your stories with us by leaving your comments below!

好了各位。我們知道,公開演講並不適合所有人(討厭的舞台恐懼症),但是如果我們做的好的話,那絕對可以幫助我們在各自的事業上脫穎而出。你有哪些公開演講經驗嗎?請在下面留下評論,隨時與我們分享你的故事!

 

文章由【WUWOW英文學習部落格】授權提供 今日訊息 使用,原文文章標題為【英文演講是你無法克服的惡夢?別擔心,只要會說「這幾句」,專業度提升!】,版權歸【WUWOW英文學習部落格】所有,欲轉載請聯繫原發布單位,經 今日訊息 彙集整理,部分內容為 今日訊息 創作,未經授權不得轉載。圖片來源:unsplash


今日Summary

演講的基本結構

引言:明清楚這場演講的意義以及為何需要觀眾們的注意力

正文:包括你的重點,想法,佐證資料等等都應在這時呈現,完成演講的主要目標。

結論:應該歸納演講的重點,並回顧一下你想強調的內容

演講技巧:

演講的對象是誰:了解你的聽眾,調整你的演講語氣

與觀眾的眼睛對視:視線交流可以拉近距離

在哪舉辦:感受環境的整體感覺和氛圍,有助於減輕舞台恐懼感。

練習時使用一些身體語言,動作以及一些分散注意力的東西:身體語言跟動作可以強調你的重點,也能讓觀眾保持興趣。增加一些會分散注意力的事情(像是開電視,或在戶外練習)來幫助你準備在演說時可能突然發生的任何事情

利用任何機會講話:多做練習,利用它找到更適合你的演說方式。

 

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