【生活英文】你想要找不同類型的曲風來聽卻不知如何下關鍵字?

【生活英文】你想要找不同類型的曲風來聽卻不知如何下關鍵字?

今日成長 最新文章

【推薦本文原因】

時常想要用關鍵字搜尋自己喜歡的歌曲類型,但是卻不知道要如何用英文下關鍵字嗎?今天要跟大家說各種音樂類型的英文單字,以及如果想要與人談論歌曲的組成時,會用到的單字們。

音樂,常常能代表自己的個人風格,在剛認識一個人時,肯定會問:你喜歡什麼樣的音樂?要回答這個問題前,你需要知道不同類型音樂的英文單字。請繼續看下去,了解如何用英文講講你最喜歡的音樂類型。


 

1分鐘單字速速記 Vocabulary

genre (n.) 風格
arise (v.) 出現
instrumental (adj.) 用樂器演奏的,器樂的
vocal (n.) 濁音
banjo (n.) 班卓琴
harmonica (n.) 口琴
synthesizer (n.) 電音合成器
catchy (adj.) 動聽易記的
characterize (v.) 是…的特徵
rhyme (v.) 押韻
chant (v.) 重複地說(或唱)
stem (v.) 起源於……、追溯回……
cultivate (v.) 養成、建立

 

音樂類型 Music Genres

When asked about music preferences, most English learners will say hip-hop, rock, or pop. However, maybe you meant to say other genres, you just didn’t know how. We’ve listed out all of the more common genres that we hear on the radio nowadays, along with some of the genre’s well-known musicians and their signature work.

當問到關於音樂喜好的時候,大部分的英文學習者都會說嘻哈樂、搖滾樂或是流行樂。然而,或許你是想講其他風格,但你只是不知道怎麼說。我們列出了所有當今廣播中較常見的風格,搭配著一些那個風格較知名的音樂家跟他們的代表作。

Classical 古典樂

The term ‘classical music’ is a very general and broad term, but it typically refers to music composed by musicians who has an educational background and training in the art of composing music. Classical music arose during the Classical period (between 1730 and 1820). It’s usually pure instrumental, with no vocals.

「古典樂」這個詞是非常一般而且廣泛的詞,但它通常是指由有教育背景跟受過音樂作曲藝術培訓的音樂家所做的音樂。古典樂出現於古典時期(1730跟1820之間)。它通常是單純用樂器演奏,沒有伴隨演唱的。

Classical Music Artists 古典樂音樂家:Ludwig van Beethoven, Johann Christian Bach, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Famous Classical Songs 知名古典樂曲:Symphony №40 in G minor, Symphony №5 in C minor, Für Elise, Moonlight Sonata

Folk / Country 民歌/鄉村歌曲

Although not as popular in Asia, folk and country music are both quite popular in some North American regions. This genre of music is usually composed of string instruments, such as acoustic guitar, banjos, as well as harmonicas.

雖然在亞洲並不那麼受歡迎,民歌和鄉村音樂在某些北美地區都蠻熱門的。這個音樂風格通常是由弦樂器所作,像是原聲吉他、班卓琴以及口琴

Folk and Country Music Artists 民歌與鄉村歌曲家:Taylor Swift, Yang Hsuan, Johnny Cash

Famous Folk and Country Songs 民歌與鄉村歌曲:Love Story, Descendants of the Dragon, Ring of Fire

Electronic Dance Music (EDM) 電音

EDM music is fast-paced and has a catchy beat. It is also referred to as dance music, club music, and is typically made for nightclubs and parties. EDM songs use synthesizers to produce unique sounds. A lot of EDM pieces have no vocals.

電音音樂的節奏很快並且會有動聽容易記節拍。它也被稱為舞曲、俱樂部音樂,並且它通常用於夜店或是派對。電音音樂使用電音合成器製作特別的聲音。很多電音作品是沒有人聲的。

EDM Artists 電音家:Avicii, Calvin Harris, Zedd

Famous EDM Songs 知名電音歌曲:Wake Me Up, Summer, The Middle

Hip-hop / Rap 嘻哈樂/饒舌樂

America is the birthplace of hip-hop music. It’s characterized by melodic rhythm and rhyming speech that is sung in a chanted way.

美國是嘻哈音樂的誕生地。它是有節奏感的旋律和押韻歌詞為特徵,並以說唱的方式被演唱。

Hip-hop and Rap Artists 嘻哈樂與饒舌樂家:MJ116, Drake, Eminem

Famous Hip-hop and Rap Songs 知名嘻哈樂與饒舌樂歌曲:Fly Out, Hotline Bling, Rap God

Indie Rock 獨立音樂

Although not technically its own genre of music, indie rock means ‘independent’ rock; music that is composed and produced independently, or with low-budget labels.

雖然理論上來說不是一個獨立的音樂風格,indie音樂指的是「獨立」音樂;它是個人或是低預算公司製作與作曲的音樂。

Indie Rock Artists 獨立音樂家:No Party for Cao Dong, Arctic Monkeys, Fire Ex

Famous Indie Rock Songs 知名獨立音樂歌曲:Wayfarer, Do I Wanna Know?, Island’s Sunrise

R & B / Soul 節奏藍調/靈魂樂

R&B, or rhythm and blues, is a genre of music that arose in the 1940s from the African American culture and communities in the U.S. It has many elements, such as hip-hop, funk, and blues.

R&B或節奏與藍調是一種在1940年代出現於美國的非洲裔美國文化以及社區的音樂風格。它有很多要素,像是嘻哈樂、鄉土爵士樂和藍調。

R&B and Soul Artists 節奏藍調與靈魂樂家:David Tao, Chris Brown, The Weeknd

Famous R&B and Soul Songs 知名節奏藍調與靈魂歌曲:Black Tangerine, Yo (Excuse Me Miss), Can’t Feel My Face

Rock 搖滾音樂

Not many people know that rock music is actually a genre that evolved from rock and roll, and pop music during the 1960’s. A rather unique feature of rock music is that it usually centers in on the electric guitar. However, this genre has developed into a far more diverse category with many sub genres; such as alternative rock, glam rock, and metal.

不是大多數的人都知道rock music(搖滾樂)其實是一種從1960年代的rock and roll(也稱搖滾樂,但起源不同)和流行樂發展而來的一種風格。搖滾樂有一個相當獨特的特徵就是通常是以電吉他為中心。然而這個風格已經發展成一個有許多子分類也更加多樣化的類型。像是另類搖滾、華麗搖滾和重金屬搖滾。

Rock Artists 搖滾樂家:Linkin Park, One Republic, Led Zeppelin

Famous Rock Songs 知名搖滾樂歌曲:Numb, Apologize, Stairway to Heaven

Jazz/Blues 爵士樂/藍調

The soothing, therapeutic music genre has deep roots in the African-American communities, stemming from all the way back in the 1870s. At the time, the African-American slaves would all sing along as they work. It was also called spiritual and work songs. Jazz is a genre that was later developed from blues.

藍調的舒緩,療癒音樂風格深深的扎根於非裔美國人社區,起源於1870年代。當時,非裔美國奴隸會在工作時唱歌。也可以稱它做精神與工作之歌。爵士樂是後來從藍調發展而來的音樂風格。

Jazz and Blues Artists 爵士樂與藍調家:Louis Armstrong, Ella Fitzgerald, Diana Krall
Famous Jazz and Blues Songs 知名爵士樂與藍調歌曲:What a Wonderful World, Dream a Little Dream of Me, Cry Me a River

Pop 流行樂

Pop music is a vague term that defines modern popular music. It has borrowed elements from other genres; such as dance, rock, and sometimes even country. Different cultures have also cultivated their own version of pop music; such as J-Pop, Mando-pop, international pop.

Pop music是一個很模糊的用詞,它也定義了現代流行音樂。它借用了其他風格的要素,像是舞曲、搖滾樂,有時候甚至是鄉村音樂。不同的文化建立了他們自己版本的流行音樂,像是日文流行樂、中文流行樂和國際流行樂。

Pop Artists 流行樂家:Jay Chou, Utada Hikaru, Ariana Grande

Famous Pop Songs 知名流行樂歌曲:Secret, First Love, 7 Rings

 

如何討論音樂 Talking About Music

Talking about music can be really simple, but it can also get really deep. We’re going to introduce some more musical terms that you may hear when people are discussing and talking about music.

討論音樂可以是非常的基本,但它也可以非常深入。我們要介紹更多你可以從人們討論及談音樂時的音樂用詞

Melody 旋律

the pitch and theme of the song
歌的音調與主題

Harmony 和諧

the chord and accompanying notes
和弦與伴奏的音符

Rhythm 韻律

the beat and tempo
節拍和節奏

Dynamics 動力

the overall flow and volume (pianissimo to fortissimo)
整體流暢度和音量(極小聲到極大聲)

Tone 音調

the range, and instrumental family
廣泛度與樂器類型

Texture 質地

the different melodies and their relationship with each other
不同的旋律和它們互相之間的關係

Form 形式

the different orders of sections that form a song (verse, bridge, chorus, etc.)
構成一首歌的不同順序(主歌、橋段、副歌,等等……)

What we’ve talked about today is definitely far from the technicality of music theory. However, it takes years of studies to be able to analyze any form of music at such a sophisticated level. We just hope to be able to give you some more topics and words to use the next time you want to chat about music. Just try to be as expressive as you can! Use your imagination. After all, music, like any art, is subjective!

我們今天所談論的不是音樂理論的細節。然而,這麼複雜的水平需要花好幾年的研究去分析任何形式的音樂。我們只希望給你們更多主題和詞彙讓你們在下次想在聊天中談及音樂的時候使用。盡可能的讓自己表達更多!使用你的想像力。最後,音樂就像任何的藝術,是主觀的!

 

文章由【WUWOW 部落格】授權提供今日使用,原文文章標題為【身為走在尖端的你,怎麼會不知道各類型音樂曲風的英文?】,版權歸【WUWOW 部落格】所有,欲轉載請聯繫原發布單位,經今日彙集整理,部分內容為今日創作,未經授權不得轉載。圖片來源:Unsplash


今日Summary

genre (n.) 風格
arise (v.) 出現
instrumental (adj.) 用樂器演奏的,器樂的
vocal (n.) 濁音
banjo (n.) 班卓琴
harmonica (n.) 口琴
synthesizer (n.) 電音合成器
catchy (adj.) 動聽易記的
characterize (v.) 是…的特徵
rhyme (v.) 押韻
chant (v.) 重複地說(或唱)
stem (v.) 起源於……、追溯回……
cultivate (v.) 養成、建立

 

<為您推薦>

 

粉絲您好:
點選下方按鈕申請註冊今日會員
即可獲得EXCEL/PPT/Word 免費模板
電子商務、會員經營、社群趨勢報告

之後今日也會定期提供更多精華報告懶人包模板

以及各種免費電子書

趕緊也邀請更多好友加入吧!

-

免費註冊今日會員

-

加入好友

-

Email Marketing by Benchmark